Northern Territory, the 3rd largest Australian state or territory, is the least populated with a population of only 233,300. From federation in 1901, NT was part of South Australia. However, in 1911, it was annexed and placed under control of the commonwealth. It was only in 1978 that NT was self governing, with a legislative assembly. NT relies on tourism and mining for it's income. The Northern end of NT has a wet and a dry season. Small settlements are scattered around NT, with major ones being Alice Springs and NT. 


The Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in Northern Territory. It is located in the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. The Uluru is sacred to the Anangu, the local Aboriginal people. It is listed as a world heritage site. The Uluru, a landmark of Australia, appears to turn red at dawn and sunset. There is a walking track to the top of the Uluru. However, there is a sign saying that the local Anangu do not want you to climb it. The Anangu believe that the Uluru is sacred and they do not go on it. The Uluru is 450 km from the nearest City, Alice Springs. There has been controversy about golfing and other disrespectful incidents on top of the Uluru. 

Kata Tjuta 

Kata Tjuta is a group of large domed rocks 365km southwest of Alice Springs. The domes are made of conglomerate, consisting of cobbles and boulders of granite, basalt and sandstone. The domes cover an area of 21.68 km2. The highest point is 168 m higher than the Uluru at 546 m. The Kata Tjuta is of great religious importance to the Anagu, and many ceremonies are carried here, especially at night.


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